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BOBBY FISHER Y EL IGNACIOA
EL PRIMER CAMPEONA IGNACIOA
EL AJEDREZ Y ALGUN IGNACIOA
EL AJEDREZ Y ALGUN IGNACIOA
LAS CUATRO MIRADAS IGNACIOA
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Asunto:[joseignacio] EL AJEDREZ Y ALGUNAS DE SUS ANÉCDOTAS - 2 .
Fecha: 8 de Agosto, 2014  14:46:35 (+0200)
Autor:IGNACIOAL <jose_ignacio1 @.......com>


EAJEDREZ
Y algunadsus  Anécdotas




http://www.iesezequielgonzalez.com/matematicas/images/hindu.gif



http://enciclopedia.us.es/images/3/31/Ajedrez_inicio.png


Sus origenes son oscuros y se confunden casi con los orígenes del hombre , es tan antiguo como la civilización  . Según algunos historiadores , este juego se remonta a 4000 años a. C . Así se han encontrado vestigios en excavaciones arqueológicas hechas en Mesopotamia ( ciudad entre  rios , Tigris y Eúfrates ) , el ajedrez o un juego similar , existía ya en esta época .

http://k40.kn3.net/taringa/3/7/9/5/6/9/8/rol1908/B74.jpg?2494Duncan Forbes , señala que el ajedrez tiene su origen en la India , en el Valle del Indo , teniendo a  SUSA BEN DAHIR el HINDI , como su inventor .


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 como Chaturanga = " entre cuatro " ( armas del ejército hindú : caballos , carros , elefantes e infantería  ).

Las rutas comerciales , difundiaeon el juego hasta Persia a tod el imperio Bizantino y extendiéndolo por toda Asía , también llegó a Europa ( las piezas pasaron a ser rey , reina ,  torres, caballos, alfiles u obispos y peones ) . El mundo árabe lo acogió con gran entusiasmo , estudiándolo y analizándolo en profundidad , escribiendo tratados y notaciones algebraicas .

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
TeZ2J2BPYH9FRsD8L74xvxPmvtckrpf30jBOgtYx5fz0/mcaf424l9nyUnQu68tLHXV5WNdqBP5jGSZVXZCUr7lQwurBLAir72v5E/LFfxJCYItYcmV+VSL7IZ7SVYKdMqKV2JNsN9+/QD6YmcWyoeNrYxuykI4sEG9xtuRvuvS6+eKWJItEaq5YCjzL3VjTAMt7jTQ0nr673iT9peT7uRQs0QDqatXHQMvTqP246Xs8BaPmW443JEZA5kZ0OoUsFqhZ0+6p6hh01dMReIapIipTQlag5ZQ2raqCnYk11PYdBeI/GFWNkzBAKyAo/wAD+EkqbvajRHujEXKSvnGRKIy8ZLEsTZJ6aizMSB6X6/PAFXs9PnZSrISSUUXIBt2vUvc33r57g114VlHOV4klM8pjy6IFN6y86UoRdrNivTf9LDRmuELMux0SkgGQDbf9LqRdde9b+okezyCs1IGOpg+VLgbhZGnY7UKB5ai9yOu+CWhsTTlaG7hPjTIpGkTZmNXiVY2V9SkMgCkWRR3B6HFB7SM0nEoEgyJ+0yxSh3SME0oDJZY0K1MBsT1xjvFCOZL13kf/ANTY0X2E/wBpmz6JHv8A3mNV9P2YlTR6MlGNPyV3FOEccmaR5I8xpf30VwE0A6tAjVvdHoP240we1Dh1G8xVduXJfftp3/8AjF00LqkmkKBoJFknoCSdNVuO14/Lrz6rJO53xtNhFRldmxePdXGFhHDQs6RWZW2QoW06FuTSdwGJA9BfbCblvZbxBGWWSFFSMiRy00eyodTbBiegOL72VZSabhmfigYJJK6prYEhVKkMR8dJIu9rvDbwHIcTBmTPTiSNsvKsZULsaC6pNA6lTYu+jd8bwI5/hXB84x434PMHWV1dZKLEQyWaHlJYKDqUdDdjFB4whHGYoF4cxl+yWshcGMUyxhd3q2Ogmh6E4yVz2ux/zvjXfYT/AGGb/wBpGP8AhfC06KzjGG0LWV9jWfLgtyUUbkmW9hvVKD8sajJ7TeH61XnMGfSVUxSgnXRWvLvd9em+GDNgiGQr72h9Pz0tX7cI/hzNQ/5MykHOijzc0SDL8xBKyu2ysqEE9BsTQBIO+N5Iylezl49V+KwrBklZ3y8xE6yDkmMlaW+ZV/i6dMJmV9nGfyh+1SRJpyxWXSJlLNoZTpGkkj540jwMZPtnFBLKsrrLEGkVQoNRkAaQSAQBRHqDi68atXDs4d9oW6bHtuD2xn0KLI1UVwZvxDik0uWyZchnlSZ5WG9EzORdbUNx8Kx5yUDK4RQpkLAjc+TSb1ncKQDyyNjdn0rHGLKhcvlHdiFjgt9Staa8xPbEDoAdvr8RjlPxqHMMF5inUaEZUa0bfzqSCGU7WvU7V6Y83Kpeo2lryfQdNKCwxg35f9k6GYMFdUCxwhBas/SpGb3mNiJ2atjer5VwnzKgKZAGIEYa31AWEVVJ7tossfUD4Y8xZMx2VjBBWkXRbGyLLULVj+yqxxz8WuZYoyzu5oRqVc2d6AsaPma+e2JW5ujuUYY9t0hg8J51lzLgHYwOdRs6BrjUeUWzkMrUosnYfHGiLnlCl38gAvz7ED1bsD8BhO4F4FkiiEutXmfdgTKgC71GrRshIB3JK0SSQMTVlhjNT5aQfrMefHfQ+ZmBB9QyisdsIvHFRPmupnHNllNFtkNZzMk6U8cscYXzADVGzAknfqCOgPSu2KXjXhpI8s6sLV5kbTrJCKJTNJQCqNl1AE2a774aMpnNQHLUmxsxZK+HuM35AYgeLYC2UzH+xcX+s+lbr0A2HzOLJqjkbbZeAbkehrBFm+VIhNBZSEO34z7h+tFTf6uImVzBIPZyEJBsUzKpa/liS6ggg9LH7xR+nXFFKiVF7ePuIfCs9zYwxFMCQw9CpIP0sYmYstkmqDBgwY0wxn2/zaZcj8pL+kmXOErxRPpkPwyzH1A1NKvf57Ybv/8ARz02R9amr6NAcIPi2Xm5h1Qkl4owqgEk6hzSNIF3uO3fCtWVhKkPeXz5VoO4jcob3aljUgDfb1+Prj1OUzBUSRc0EFkF0dQJBI3o37t35uW1dBa3mZUIymphHHPHEzE2AzhOUY2b8CkabPbb5hp4fw2dpHkRBGpAVGcjQEUaYwirZYBd+ws3eOPPqkj0ujS3NsofHMirHHBCgRQwZwBVsfdQk7kqLJvoTXY4cPBsLJCxrymwKNUVv9jWDe+/zGEvxDEZc2scNsI3O531vtY9KFKoA2r5nGgfaRlUaQ7xlFZQNiW0gaQNveodO9+oxOL3s7ep1hUFy/5Ez2l55i0cRIJUcyQC6W/Kij5WbPc+nTC1lZykkip0cURtRGwHXp1bej1xMzWYLrM0hAeQswc9GI30KfiwNX64V8znDHLfWlbpvZpgv7axTC+6Y3UxWLpXH8v7GZMinLhksok5ZSy+qGTSDp3AKgMD0XldrvFtLk1kUIXp13jkFXfcitjdeZe4/PFXxriCxZKPLpqtUBSQXokOlSeW42bq6Fe91WJXC0ksRsF0gIFC6gQdNny7gC7XTsevTpjs4PlskfKKbPRsVly8qhS41KR7vM/CyH9GQgAjqGP621j4WhHKFHysPSt9gQT8D3PX90t4PticpkGqz5HIV1q9TA/6oLCrJrveKSHKzZYMFZ2jfUsUgJKixUjHe1dwWSwB1ZgdsZJqghBz0W+b44TK2l3MccWmMDo7BdQavSiSHG5K7bVjl4a4s8eVkmiJRszn4oVbbUF0ODoJ2BAbZu2KiwYyKIbbp0G7VfyGmq+A+OJkEyRcNgdg33PEDYU0fJGpIGoV1HQ3XrviEJ992d8sCg00aa3sq4cSScuST3Mstn4nz7k9Se+Ffx9lU4SsAyIOXWfmiXluwZ9ATlksSW8pYn6n1xZSe2/K0SuWzLH0pAB8zqNfliu8UOnGo4nEsWUjiL6Oc+qR9WnUWRNowNIoEkm722tpSSW2NjjLuuhPynjvOScmE5ibU8gDNzXOtWKrpIuq69OtnGzS+A+Hlj/UoK3/AAV3vscY6fD+X4fPDM2cjzJjkRhFArEkqQfMxGlRdepPYYf09s8G15XMgHbUwUKD13N+m/8ADG2vBk1JvgheOpZMlmcvl+HVlllTXIkQ0K7ayovSpOrSpAoelC8VPCPEk0+bMLyZjlmdI3jfMGVCDNGGTZV8tEr8QcTuNTw8TlizLz5SFAiqcvPJrYhWMgLNGKUm609QLB61irKQ8P5UozGXzP3sbFMtAysAjI5NhhGptAKYWbxqlEm8c9UmagPAfD9v6nB/4P8A3wie0KNuHzoOHsMophMsyxggNok0KxUA371dNhZO2Lke2jLd8tmh/dT+fFRx7NR8UnyU8bxRlAyvl5pdLsjNvZiurBa1u6PTfCucfJRYsnyYt8P8cZueWNRncwF1RKVHozIjEsd+5PQ9savB7O8jEV0weZOjGSXV00k2HG5GxqsZR4oimyjis8mYMhJ5SIzBBdgguNK7gDYg7fDDafbZdH7BKbNf2o3PcD7vBarRrx5H4/grPadJ/k/MQLkgcqHiJk5JMes62A117xFdTvucUPhPi+Yzmey0OYzEssbTLqjeR2VwLYhhdEeUbHreG/xFwMcXWHMmeLKsU08pmExC6iyatOnS1lrXfsOoIxD8N+DIMjmo8w+ficwsG0BSCbBFVZPf0wjyQXLReMW4dqjv8iz4w0c00gNsqr5tJCtqklzJKE7HQ2oAjcEgDscZ14Rb35A7KxAQlXZSiga2kJHvDaqu/iNsPj8YIklkABi5McslpsgrUHBYDVqDAadjbbemEz2fOVknPLskf2ei2pg4IGrZVH4r7DF412nlyck5UNfDcrAmbieUGWAINfMJkCGXl8syBjVBjp1USNS6vXGp5fKRqBy0RFHQIiqB67ACjjJkzcICyFsuyONMluvRidSNFqBB03djax0xacI8W5jKoo5bZmEsEU615i3sqhz5ZhXRtj2JOFa+RsMraqbNNYXiI8IYkEDXQu9g47H4EevUfI4qeHeOcpM/L5pim6cqZTE4PpT+Un5E4t8y3lBa1N+VwCQD8fge4PbEpFosr04QUJaLS6E2YpQDR76W3Kn4Gx6Vio4r4kSORUlhkhUEaFkVVgZtyGkkQkyURYjpegNX0a8pmNW7UJABqAOx60w+Bo137Y+55I2VllClCKbXWk3+Hfr8sYo60P3W9oruD55NDSvNGS5tm1pXbb3qUUAKvt364kw8REm6AlGK6ZNwG3JIS92AVb1e6b2JxST+GDA7SZYJKpXeCRU1A2COXMy6gBvSuautxi84dxFMypMbnVGdLgrUkbULV1cWp+Y37EjBG1oyVcljk80EkVO8mrYfUljXQXtZ2sgdTi6woCFYX1DVS3JNIxt5NAJWPUT0B82kUooChZw1ZfMB1DL0Iv8AP1x0xZCa8nXBgwYcQy72ycOZ5MtIInlMMc5ULG0g1kwBQQBvtqIB/RvtjMPCfCZmlmbNxZtHemEoEsbd9aF66MCNv1Rj9QYMY0MpH5pzHAMzmMz9mkJniiLSpLIzeYNoUKztsKFWo6kYc8xlDDBI6XPJJ7scZ1KldyAem31ONjwYjkwrJyzpwdU8PCML8I8MIkklzGuNtNrrVlJYnUT0s9B37nDJxnjeVy8QGYdV1bKCNbd7KhAWFXVkivW+uoY+aB6YyOBR4Gz9bPNLuaPz1xDxTk1kgggdZ4HNzc1XTlj9LmtWog2wBQgdL3AHDP8AAMtbZkSpm0jIZ0jeMsFZtCFwNiAxAJ8vQeUjfH6KMKnsPyGPJyqb+Rd+uww6xKLtE31M5RcZPTMMn4KkWUeXTHGsbc1o0UE+UUWUmhYB2aqIN77DHwtywumRCpXUrq+pWsDzh+gNiiNiDtjb24XCesUZvraL/hiA3g3JFdP2WDSSSQI1AtgAxoADcAX8sP27tnPKmqRi2SEjS8xQ4mjlQJamlUbXJZAoaid+1ixsQ4+J2Vsu0TAEm9QIOtPLQDIKLW2kKV6nT0NnDzB4RyiCky8ajfZRQ367D1x5l8GZNtOrLxto93Ut6eh8t9Og6emFcLNi1Hgynw1wdI2ado5mVWZVb3lir9JCmtWGwBKE2BsDvit4zw0uHWBHlvMSsFjSSkGhFUtSAaqNkAX5t6usbSPB+TDBxl49QumrcX1o9Rj1/RTK6tfITV+lvf53eEeLVIvDqHGam90fn7LeG87agQzgKe8Mpog7UCnwB+X5Y8T+Gc2LrLzg9NIhl2s3t5SCNh3xvj+AeHtucnlz841OPg8A8PG4ycAI6EIBXyrCfZ/qegva2RfhR+fv6KZzUP6tmfN1PJl7dz5b6jDPF4azTQ6WMo1AjS0M50/H3DR1AH12+ONgHg7KVXISuvf/ABwDwdlP+hXb4t/jhZdN3eTH7Vm/CMHHgOcGkDN5TqblTVd9Bcd2Bv23sYkDgU66TpnX1+6lOmu+nRV9R16Y3RfC2WH+j/43/mx7Xw9AOiEf33/mwr6Vvlmr2tJKu1GLTeHJDl1UmZjqBI5Ex0gfo+Tckn6Y78N4FomjYRynSQ18nMWooAqvlN+pvbbGvv4Yy56ofX35P5sex4eh/Rb/AHkn82E+xeL/AN+xj9qzaqjH+I+Ew5WRueGDbMsUw8rGxsE8lA+vXbHWHwjCF5bNmKD6gNMncDb+z6X3HX1xq8nhbLtsUJ/7ST5/pYP6L5eq0tt/1sv8+M+xPjuYv/TmZ3k/CmWA0/eqwXsJFO5IB2Tc9t/T13xy/oZlA/meUi7IYsoFepKCx8zjSf6LQVWl6/2038+PsfhmAdFcV/10v8+NXRV5E/6OT5s/PfjzibJmeRrISOKC0o1rWGIWexI6A9sV8WfWRkCX5AdbDyaCerh+oHrf8cfonO+AcjMSZcskhJsltTEkAKCSTfQAfTEcey/hn/4cP5H/ABx1PFfkjj6vsVVryfnHjpE0xkZhHI8cZYFWtm0hWYhR5LAD/EP9MaK3EoeQYoHjZaCKz3pi0hwFcuoIuqBNdB6402X2ccPZtbZWMtt5jqvbpvfbEiHwRkkiaJcvGI3vUu9NfrvvitHHL3lRjfGJFAeBxHK77q0hQkhxqZmN2GXsNtQ00MRsrAyERQvNl57qkzLBCKSiI/OKJJGkja+mNvHgvJ6i32ePUSGJo2SBQPXqBtjz/QjJ6i/2dAxs2CwPm2Y7HuALxnaTUWuGY8fEOfQExTc5lvVzoADEb86Fozve3l0kHatxhk8Frmc5JJm8zIVEZaKNImtbJ1yN5gSDZVARR8tXtuzcb9ncD0sUCBGvmUXDbdCDqq779vjdYmcP8DxxoiKTEsahV5TsHob00nVhv0IP8MI4fJF4ya5ZIjjAFC/qSfrZ3wn+OOAkPFnoGZJYfLJoYrzI+2ojrobfcEaSb2XD0OA7f20v/wCq/nfLu8K/jvh80UCpllzMzyE6n5krctVFkgIQNTe6u1b32wsotIeEl3I8ZXO5sqoEEPmAuSSZwD1/BTMT+qGI/WOLJXzEJWQyCRi4DKF0RrGTZCKCWZzQUFmO7dheKngRzSQxRjKytpQCn8vujYlnINnby9v0sT8zwLOTMjysI41W+RA51FiK88nlsV2TSdzTd8LBuuB5pX4GnJcVjlZ0VgWiIEgG+kmyAT0uh06ixeDFN4PyjxmRWTQFChQBS0C1aRpUDv2Hbrd4MdEXaOeSpjNgwYMMKGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAGDBgwAfMGDBgA+4MGDAAYMGDAAYMGDAAYMGDAB8wYMGAD5WPuDBjACsGDBjQP/ZLa imvasión de Hispania por el Islam , trajo el ajedrez hacia 600 - 900 d.C. , aunque también lo practicaron vikingos ( se encontró un juego de ajedrez en una sepultura vikinga de la costa de Bretaña ) , y los  cruzados que regresaban de Tierra Santa . También se ha encontrado una pieza de época visigoda , siglo X d. C. y de origen escandinavo .


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OzimzpOx25dlM6w0+LwndoQKDeO/T9hBHuSdmT81sBBDmtY1wNiCHgGfei2tQBwzczsoa+k4uOgGaCT1by8Sr9WIb83PShpSt5sMVWeZcQWkihUc4tdkFwZIsfpHlzmSqrDYxjwx0PMn6RcRYOAPAgxM+0XT1bbTaVIh76Li2WipJuw8GsaCC6LT7NVWYbFNqbuV+V72AHKbMBDZzcQRmv1LsVmLFvoWnyhrWNc7MQTJYGFxmNx0Nk3ANhzC0RwYkPNyQ03i15gcrgLPUscGVGuILabXtBzACwuCALwG5hzvorahtdpaRmkHJlHEGwNuozIWzq7a6FVTdkgbTwucGCQS0+B1B5WCzFaBQFSvLsMXZehaYcKwnM43FoDh6XHRavEVwabrzum8dWt1ncPXNPz9AZ8Q7ccx4IYKQ0IJiXS1vrHU25TqT+lJjwj9ba8/okbQpjPTbVJfintYMI7O0hh4ZgA2RmvGV5sblHTrV3u+TU3AYxh6R77dGQRBgAQDDqY9AaHvZw4bhz0NJvS4eq5prve05mkmHNDQGkiANAdSnMRT+UONB808OxxdTrsYc7jwaWgSBvu9UegOajnXJ+eciqT5rzzkRKTWVa1HoA4FlRpqhx1qMLC99ibZWwticwgBuYmZdNtFnMFi6mem59DJ0bTT3fWZls88iTHtWtp1wGk2sT1cyP11rqhK8bXOdxtJyS+AtlV3dM5roAbTaQBoLx28D4BXMqi2RVnEVbzDGA9RLn28AroEJJy1ItaiwU3iNEtqTXTQdwGI/Z4PON7DHiV0tcy/Z2PON7HfEV01dOG9qPYGJ92XcCwWM/+Vq9jPgYt6sFi2/xWt9lnwU1PF+mPdBw+8uxftmfH8E4Cg06d/wCCNzVIA9T0SiiajKIDKY3Z1XPWcKfpukElpG6SWn0uRFjoZVXRxpfJcxgLHAlzjo4nUw8gm3XwW5xIEQVlOhbTc8AeveTxMmf1yUKloo6KKzX/AIIWM2WKjmGr0LnsbEOeG7o4OAcJ048+pIr7IaWAdJQEWEkRAIJEhs6Hge1SnY3JXjM4NcQIzwJBv6pU0V5EB0GXOhtXSbkjzf6kpVPMjpdGStq7dym+ZCWZRUwxFyTLozTAMRpcSnW+T1bpA0imTALXkGIubECQNBYC6t2vMmS6Ln+Y+I1MDo+AI/QVyT50XHom3EkmR3aocOLJTlKPMy42UQ11QPozMFwa4mBAILgAbHj1aKGMIG5Qa1GWl0elaXkxekTE8zHZZWOIqVM8HORmcBDsSJAc6Yga27LiE3UqO51LaH96kSXRAy3s7nwVVCMdiLbluxulhWts2u0OF4Ei8gfQ0sE1Swz3OAZVpvIiG52n0XZvoApx7nQT5wOJyyHYm4kxciY9LXmCl7JeTiBrul2pceESM1MQL8/FMwWa2bJz8O6lg3hwE5gYtxe0cEuthukoZOYbPYCD+Ckbfd+7P/x+NqTgXebB6guGfuWXQtH03+TH7OwjRUfTyHKwkEwXneMyY1Bk9itKezmABrekgAQBTi1gBd3AD2KsxEdPWmIzAmQH8yIki/Cb+kp2CqUz6sE86dESCebiuib+qy6L9kXjSThmb5v9yTVDCzLkqGW8mjXsdZ3HwTeHwRNvONBi2QRpxjlHtT4oMIjd1EyMPpoZg6TlHgn6FMMLXANJJabMpTcCYIfYagdcqacrjcOnl037sXi/Jh74aHNLSN5z2Awfqjh/umdm7NLZZL7CGnoXWjgToeA4rVTbkswyBUENAtMdHBMmLRU4kR3dStJX+TgXcdbgd2c084ovv2cx3J2nQaI1E6HonxF9eWntCbeN4BzDBBIytra5r6P6/aEdSg6CACM7cs5K9mkFpvJvH4JMi6IZL5f6kV+GLd8uaTJAik8ADsJPVcq1wWzLA2ngbnlIM87nrlVr6DgwmD2htUWmBMaWlaTZ7fNt4botc3jrWh02DNWWjZH2ZsvonPMg5o4XtOp1I0jlCngJQCCpYncACJ4uO0e9KhEW6dypAVmH/Z+IrAcs3xFdKXOfIcfvH3viK6MuvD+1HsLiPdl3AsHjx/FKvW1nwMW8WE2m3+KP7KfwNUsX6V3Q2H3fYv28Etxv1psC/wCuKW5sQpgHmFLJTDX8k6CsAbrrMY0gv7X+MCFotoVMrCY0WLrY2HEOLRebvaIEaxqdVz1jsw0d2NYunmrBw0Du3eJjmOYV10bgwWcZbDozTcQ4jznaVRYKgS4APYWau3mWtfUwRoVddOAI3LcZw+s/RniB7EkYtoetKzWo8aWog2a6Hb8CJ+vfjw4hTsU5rcjhAIfl/wAQCI9iqK2JbAJZTdBgiaHAi1tNe6VfdE14Bi5h2vGOfemcXayIZ3zKLaGFBqP3QZcTdvG5B/mzqY0GoTTMIXXyG28Yptk3GnnT9e51nuSMaWiq8S2SX5rUJDZBMy2Te972SMPiBTmHNaTYEdAOdgQ3qAjrlWJjD8BFg06gOim0RBuDlqa261Y4Cq99dub1WkS6m4GOo5yNeo6KtfXaRDsp1cD5gzwdo2wt7PF7ZTQKwdLQ4ktMZBpMNOVon1TPWEGhrl5t/wDp39WU/wDm0o8L/LHYEW3v6Wp2D4mosOd0Lhn6/sVj6TH1GB1aqbHe5cACPD81Y7Po8BYgW1Eam8NNrKFT2fVzvgiS4kkNJi3DwKnbM2e8FxJcS4EXbVkXI4EQLFdbUfVfkuvRFJTajkt16dSyY62ugEyXXkmZ83e+VS8IAXNBDdRxBmCY1pjj1qLhySDYluctJmrO64tPG3GOdpUyjmBHpekyJ6YDkAZEc+rRC1nZnPfTQuis782vz5uivu5r0bgEnkPpHhxWgOiEptxE7FWzZM3s0yIBYwwA4GxB4wEr5m5Fv3PyOisXG/cjYUbI12V+L2NmFi3WYLJtMi+b2qyp6ckHOSqQtday5Gu7ai0aEIlmKKCNx07QkApTuHb+SpTAzG+RTYxH3/jcuhLnvkb/AFP3/jcuhLqoe3HsLX9yXcCwO1XkbWd9hvwNW+XPNsu/izvst/0wpYv0Luh8Pu+zNI190842Ci0n+5TGtkBSTMxAbeychFlujJWAIxLczHDjBjtXOdqAGo4zFm8QJkAaZSujO0WLrYe77kb1O+/yAi2npFSqbI6aErNjuyKMAEuj6Rz3gG8TTn3d6lugTv8AE61AJGYQbN0y309Y9ifwxdG6XOBIm9XW0dnYlEOkHzmsx547txcc7cVlorE5au5FduQcwluaQao001yCbz90K9pHdHHdHGeHPiqfI7TfJ4k9NqD4wVb4ZgDBE98zPfdBPUDKatiSH1GyIc5wEmrILg0QDkhoE8J/KPh6jCTndVEDKzIcQbdpbYnSyviLmJ9v5pbzPE8/YqCmeoUnPLQHOkzm3sU0c7EgCbnXkFJpYGo1zXEjk4Z6rrRwzHnzHDwtZn/34pJN0GFEXbn9LU+yPiCLDEZR3Ibcd+7VOxvxtRYYbgXFP1rsXj6SoqtaCRumzZBFExu8cxm8+xSKFIEaNuTfJSMTmkCH8ZKj4kHNqeE+lplBPqEcPelYeoImWnW0tjNafSpjn1aBUiaRJp0RcZIBkjzTesRZ9z6PDlzU7CMJc2BBiZyOFg7T0iAdD3hV+7cSwf8AYvBGZvoiPV8E/gf5w9AFrh/bzOBpgl1uF3C1906J7CWuaQaJLUGORSqkRRFkmkbpcpLdVmEU9KpmyQ42R0ytqYczIShlQhB3MCUG6jtCEIwLjtH4J6e4GYryJfOJ/wAqn+o5dGXNvIk/vR6n1Pjcukrto+2hK/uMC51tqPnZ3W1v+kPyXRVzLb9X+NR9Vv8ApKWK9C7j4b1PszTUx7lYUzuhV7anDqVgw2HYFzrcLDBRQgAiRFCqNCyOO9I29ekfRbdzSCL5geC1xdKyuLpSXN3cxcwgkNOmWbZZjjfkkmrotSdmTABqGAkSIyDS3DP1yiqiIIbJEAZaehHV0kRYeCZBbwyXFyBTMTwgt0RVKsk+jB0bNAy6YGo4THcggAZhzY9HFj6kRrFg+L6K9wztxtiLC0RHVEn3qhBzRdsS3+zBgcotExbtV3QMsaeocRA8EErAbuM1a1+GushLZW7NEmtQk3QGHDRqSjd3AL6cBNuqjr8EYpidPekmjdC4SF5ROjCVeoN9j2p7CVIpz1KP5T/0dXsb8bUrCA9GOUexcsvWi0fSV9YhznAcDyOrTHqvvpy9UqRSYY9cQb3rC0kngeKJ+z3ZiCJBcT/yyLknQtB480dPCmbsPVDG2EXEtcPFV0voKPh5y3JHY55uCJ1Zb/0ncO49KADcwbFvoxeZYOASKbHNdGV0T9GpoJEekefsPUpuAzZ76Bv/ANms/WtwHWmVxWWCIpcJBKqTDDktolNgJxghEAl5ulNQyJQQsw3FNqJQKbAS5W1MKKTmuPtIi5NtdcfaRg9TNaGQ8ix+9H7dT4yujrm3kRVzYkn61T4iukrtoe2idf3JAXLPKoxtpp6oP/ZXU1y/ypp/xpp+o3203CVPFej7lMN6n2ZpKXD9cFa8FUUCbf5D2WVmX2XMmZiy9ILk1nRhy17mFZfZp4JNEANGmgRufYpDDYdgWuYcEJRCbDrpeZFMA24diSSjqJAKk2MOAoSkzCJxla5gy4Jp9ilQEVQpHsMio8p3/udb7I+Nqm4Js0h2fgq3ynObBV+G6PY9pUrZlU5WjqvdRzLMittCdVYkUDe6k1RZQ3Ogqj0ZPcsAE4EzTfITjXqqsIOpJCBck50wBTU+xRukTzHIxZmLISQ66NxSEzYB2UmUkOROekbCgPckMdp9pKKKm3TtWhuFmM8hv6j/ACf7101ct/Z86cQftv8AwXUl3Yf2ok8T7sgLl/lY0/PLY/ts+B8LqC5h5YGNsM66bPhep4v2/uPhfW+zNFTNx3+0FSg9QGvkt/XAqdlXKMxLnIdIm6qKUrZh8VZQa5MNCcDuS2Y1h0FKc6yaD0C9a5rAc9MiqlPFk1ToxxU23cZJDpMoxTSM6W2qAtcA4IlG9kgpvPJTgeqKzFKXymp5cFW+wfeEextBySvKhv7lX/6blF2O/wA208wFyVUoyidEdYs0YMqLWppbX2RPV3qiIjDPvHgpjVXQQZVgxy0GaQshJypZTUqjFQbVJCYphPOKMTMNIeUM6D3WRABrrJE3QKLikkMh1pRPf4SEBZMOqafbCeDsBmM/Zu+a5+2/8F1Vco/ZuP3h3/Uf+C6uu+h7aExPuyAuZeWQ/jFPn0Tf/wBF01c38uti4kY0YqmxjmNa1ol5BMBwIIi3pFLiYuULI2Hkoyd+hZ4YHM3tVq5UWBx2ZzLFribgg2PKdCrt9QDUgdpAXC4tOzQ90xmo1IyIqmOpjWoz7w/NI+dKP9xnj+SOVvkC9h1oSg5Q6m1qP0x3Bx9wTY2tS+kfuu/Jbhy6BzLqWORG5QnbapfSn/F/5Jk7Yp8z9x/5LcOfRmzLqTahgopKgna9P6x/wcj+d2cn/cKXgz6MOePUk5TKW1qhna7fo1Pu/wC6T86Dgyp90fmgsPPobiR6lnNkyHmVBO0XnSlUPcB+aDKWJf6NIN6zJ/JVWHm+QvEiH5TP/c63/Td7k3gWRSZ2BTW+Steraq+G8Wiw9isf+D2tbDHuafZ4IywTlrfUyrpaWIdIpwon7GxDNMjx3g+z8k2+vUb6dB/+JDvyQ/xpoHETDGqlNKrvnBk3zN+0xw9wIT1LadL+4zvcB70nCkuQ2ZMnZkJTLcbTOlRn32/mlMeDoQewgrZWjXQ+1Kck5UbwiATKKUiU40JLjCoQiAlNSXrWMJqVFFLpI+01LqvhRcbiOjpuebxB7SZgeMLRu3YJm/2etjEvHKo9dUXMPIHBVBiC57YLnOcYJIE8JXT16lKLjBJnPWkpTbQEl9MHUSlIKhIYfgmEXa3wVTU8j6BcSRqr1BYxTs8lKA9RPN8nqA9QKyQWMQW7Eoj1G+Cc+a6X0G+ClILGIvzXS+g3wSvm+n9BvgpCCxhgYGn9Bvgj+SM+iPBPILGGvkzfojwR9A3kPBOILGEimOQ8EcI0FjAQQQWMBEQjQWMNVMK12rQe5Ramw6J1Y3wU9BYxVO8mKB9QJl/khhz6sK7QWMZ8+RtPg547HFJPklyrVR/m781okELGM3/wtUGmIf4k+9F8xYkaV57WtP4LSoIZI9A5mZn5DjG8abu1se4hN1PlUXpMPYSPzWqQSulB8g52Yx1WuNaB7nf7JjD7KdiMQDUY5jQ0C/ME/mtu5JbqhGlCLukFzbVmFh8I1gAaAITyCCqIf//ZEn la Edad media fueron España e Italia , donde más se practicó el ajedrez . Alfonso X El Sabio , fue el traductor y adaptador de los tratados árabes sobre ajedrez . ( según las cuales la reina y el alfil son piezas relativamente débiles, que sólo pueden avanzar de casilla en casilla. Durante los siglos XVI y XVII el ajedrez experimentó un importante cambio, y la reina se convirtió en la pieza más poderosa, en cuanto a su movimiento se refiere, del tablero , ya que puede moverse en todas las direcciones por el tablero . Fue por entonces , cuando se permitió a los peones avanzar dos casillas en su primer movimiento y se introdujeron la regla conocida como en passant ("al paso"),  que permite capturar el peón que sigue su marcha y no come la pieza que se le ha ofrecido por una determinada estrategia, y el revolucionario concepto del enroque ) .


Los jugadores italianos comenzaron a dominar el juego, arrebatándoles la supremacía a los españoles ( CÉLEBRE FUE EL PRIMER CAMPEONATO DEL MUNDO DE AJEDREZ " NO OFICIAL" , CELEBRADO EN 1575 EN EL ESCORIAL , AUSPICIADO POR EL PROPIO REY )   . Los italianos, a su vez, fueron desbancados por los franceses y los ingleses durante los siglos XVIII y XIX cuando el ajedrez, que había sido hasta entonces el juego predilecto de la nobleza y la aristocracia, pasó a los cafés y las universidades. El nivel del juego mejoró entonces de manera notable. Comenzaron a organizarse partidas y torneos con mayor frecuencia, y los jugadores más destacados crearon sus propias escuelas.

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Las normas o reglas  del juego y el diseño de las piezas continuan inalterables  desde que el jugador inglés Howard Staunton  las diseñara . 

El primer torneo oficial , se celebró en Londres en 1851 , desde entonces , se han celebrado Campeonatos del Mundo , a los que acudia y acude  la élite internacional con sus mejores maestros. El juego ha terminado popularizándose a escala universal . Surgiendo en la decada de los 70 el ajedrez electrónico que permiete enfrentarse al jugador con una máquina 


¡JAQUE MATE !  :

"Shatrany"---> "Acedrex"----> "Ajedrez"

RAJAH = rey ---> SHAH --------> SHAH MAT = El rey ha muerto

( Hindú )               ( Persa )              ( Árabe )

-----------------------------> JAQUE MATE Finaliza la partida así

como finaliza el reinado , al morir el rey .


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/de/Steinitz1866.jpg/220px-Steinitz1866.jpg                                 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/Magnus_Carlsen_%282012%29.jpg/220px-Magnus_Carlsen_%282012%29.jpg

WILHELM STEINITZ ( AUSTRIACO ) , primer campeón del mundo oficial de ajedrez de 1886 - 1894  y MAGNUS CARLSEN ( NORUEGO ) , actual campeón del mundo 2014 .


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Bobby_Fischer_1960_in_Leipzig.jpg

BOBY FISHER ( USA ) . UN GENIO DEL AJEDREZ
( 1943 - 2008 ) . Campeón del Mundo entre 1972 -1975 . Protagonizó el llamado
" Duelo del Siglo " EN 1972  contra Boris Spasky de la Unión Soviética .

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

BORIS SPASKY . Campeón del Mundo en 1969



1-http://www.todoajedrez.com.ar/historia.php HISTORIA DEL AJEDREZ - BREVE RESEÑA HISTÓRICA SOBRE EL ORIGEN Y EVOLUCIÓN DEL AJEDREZ

2-http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historia_del_ajedrez HISTORIA DEL AJEDREZ


3-http://www.egrupos.net/grupo/joseignacio/archivo/indice/2521/msg/3010/ EL PRIMER CAMPEONATOD E AJEDREZ DEL MUNDO - 1575 7 JOSÉ IGNACIO MARTÍNEZ MARTÍN .

4-http://ichess64.blogspot.com.es/2011/04/el-grano-de-trigo.html EL GRANO DE TRIGO

5-http://www.abc.es/medios-redes/20121130/abci-partida-ajedrez-201211300951.htm LA PARTIDA DE AJEDREZ QUE SALVÓ LA VIDA A UN REY - ABC.es / BLOC DE JAVIER SANZ : " MI VIDA POR UN ALFIL " .
http://0.gravatar.com/avatar/cc4c841639a655d5e81fb35cdb8d6b4d?s=80&d=http%3A%2F%2F0.gravatar.com%2Favatar%2Fad516503a11cd5ca435acc9bb6523536%3Fs%3D80&r=G

6-http://www.egrupos.net/grupo/joseignacio/archivo/indice/2521/msg/3010/ EL PRIMER CAMPEONATO DE AJEDREZ DEL MUNDO -1575 / JIOSÉ IGNACIO MARTÍNEZ MARTÍN .

7-http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campeonato_del_mundo_de_ajedrez CAMPEONATO DEL MUNDO DE AJEDREZ

8-http://www.iesezequielgonzalez.com/matematicas/ajedrez01.htm LA LEYENDA DEL AJEDREZ - DEPARTAMENTO DE MATEMÁTICAS DEL IES EZEQUIEL GONZALE DE SEGOVIA ( ESPAÑA ) 











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